Artigo: European journalists and the sea: Contexts, motivations, and difficulties

Title: European journalists and the sea: Contexts, motivations, and difficulties

Authors: Bruno Pinto and Ana Matias

Journal: Public Understanding of Science, online first

Abstract: 

The media play an important role in informing us about new developments in our understanding of the sea and raising awareness about its sustainability. However, press coverage of marine issues seems to be modest, compared with the importance oceans have in our lives. In this study, we examine science journalists’ working contexts, motivations, and difficulties in writing about the sea in Europe. We conducted semistructured interviews with 26 journalists who write for quality newspapers from 13 European countries. We found that the recent production of press news on marine issues is mainly conditioned by working contexts in newspapers, the personal and professional interests of journalists, and the available resources to write news. More studies are needed to compare our findings, including with other regions outside Europe.

Keywords:

European newspapers; marine issues; qualitative analysis; science journalism

DOI:
https://doi.org/10.22323/2.20020205

Published online:
30 November 2022

Download:
PUS_2022.pdf

Comunicação: Objetos das ciências do mar sob a lente artística

Congresso: SciCom Pt 2021, 23-25 junho 2021, online

Título: Objetos das ciências do mar sob a lente artística

Autores: Ana Matias

Resumo: A comunicação de ciência agrega um conjunto de atividades que incluem não só a disseminação dos avanços científicos, mas também a apresentação de protagonistas e demonstração de métodos. É nesta última função que se enquadra este projeto de arte & ciência, que também pretendeu explorar formatos não convencionais de comunicação de ciência e criar parcerias institucionais. O projeto realizou-se no âmbito do Festival “Encontros do DeVIR”, organizado pelo Centro de Artes Performativas do Algarve, que efetuou a encomenda de fotografias artísticas de grande formato baseadas nas ciências do mar. A comunicadora de ciência fez a ligação entre o fotógrafo e o Centro de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental da Universidade do Algarve, identificou os projetos científicos na Ria Formosa, acompanhou as sessões fotográficas e criou os textos da exposição, que refletiram os processos científicos e artísticos. O fotógrafo entrevistou os investigadores, visitou os laboratórios, selecionou os objetos e realizou as sessões fotográficas. A curadoria foi feita pelo diretor do festival e fotógrafo, seguindo critérios estéticos e harmonia com as fotografias da Ria Formosa. A exposição decorreu entre outubro e novembro de 2020, no foyer do Teatro Municipal de Faro, pelo qual transitaram ±1800 pessoas, tendo sido produzido um livro/folha de sala. A pandemia de COVID-19 causou constrangimentos como alteração de datas, proibição de circulação no interior da exposição e redução de visitantes. Ao longo e no final do projeto, a comunicadora de ciência recolheu testemunhos do fotógrafo, investigadores e diretor do festival. Pretendeu perceber até que ponto o projeto foi ao encontro dos objetivos de cada participante, mais do que avaliar a eficácia da comunicação para o público. A análise identificou diferenças de objetivo/contributo/satisfação, evidenciando a importância da gestão de expetativas e avaliação de esforço/benefício dos investigadores, por parte do comunicador de ciência, intermediário em projetos de arte & ciência.

Comunicação: Engagement with science and art as a means of social inclusion

Conference: PCST 2020+1, 24-27 May 2021, online (and Aberdeen, Scotland, U.K.)

Title: Engagement with science and art as a means of social inclusion

Authors: Ana Matias, Paulo Nuno Vicente, Andreia Dias, Ana Lúcia Mena

Abstract: Social inclusion in science communication is a complex issue. During the past decades, research centres, science centres, museums and other institutions invested in science communication aiming at the promotion of cultural activities to diverse audiences. Despite this investment, science communicators still face a challenge: how to reach citizens that are not interested in science? The main goal for this innovative work was to explore techniques to engage socially-vulnerable communities with science.

The “Embodying Memories” project was developed in a collaborative way between science partners (research institutes), art partners (art museum) and administrative partners (municipality), articulated via a boundary spanner. The target audience, a senior community of women, most illiterate and migrant from Sub-Saharan Africa, was involved since early stages, starting with the topic choice – Memory.

The project implementation consisted of eight sessions over two months in 2018, covering several themes related to memory/brain. Diverse formats were used: from informal scientific presentations in neuroscience (standard in science communication), study cases storytelling (standard engagement technique), community memories sharing (aligned with current dialogue paradigm of science communication), to more interactive activities stimulating body movement, abstraction and self-expression (techniques from engagement with art). Besides in-door sessions, visits to the museum (visual art oriented) and to laboratories (neuroscience oriented) were organized, and a public presentation (empowerment oriented) was performed.

The project was qualitatively evaluated right after implementation, revealing some to moderate changes in awareness and knowledge and in engagement, high changes in attitude and moderate to high changes in social inclusion. Our analysis was based on field notes, attendance record, pre/post focus group, community evaluation and narrative, and public presentation content.

We will present how this project was structured and its outcomes, reflecting on the dynamic equilibrium between science and art education, cultural entertainment and mental health promotion necessary to potentiate social inclusion of this community.

Artigo: Science communication for social inclusion: exploring science & art approaches

Title: Science communication for social inclusion: exploring science & art approaches

Authors: Ana Matias, Andreia Dias, Cláudia Gonçalves, Paulo Nuno Vicente and Ana Lúcia Mena

Journal: Journal of Science Communication, 20(02), A05

Abstract: 

Engaging communities at risk of social exclusion poses a big challenge for science communicators. We schematize a framework for projects using science & art to promote social inclusion, composed of 3 phases — design, plan and collaboration; implementation; and evaluation. We present a case study that aimed to engage with a community of migrant senior women, mostly illiterate. Our findings suggest high engagement was achieved by building trust, involving emotions, choosing a relatable topic and following participatory practices. Inclusive activities occurred on the short-term, but for medium-term impact, community insiders need to be regarded as a second audience.

Keywords:

Public engagement with science and technology
Social inclusion

DOI:
https://doi.org/10.22323/2.20020205

Published:
15 March 2021

Download:
JCOM_2002_2021_A05.pdf
JCOM_2002_2021_A05.epub

Artigo: Engaging children in geosciences through storytelling and creative dance

Title: Engaging children in geosciences through storytelling and creative dance

Authors: Ana Matias, A. Rita Carrasco, Ana A. Ramos, and Rita Borges

Journal: Geoscience Communication, 3, 167-177

Abstract:

Natural sciences have traditionally been disseminated in outreach activities as formal, one-way presentations. Nevertheless, innovative strategies are being increasingly developed using arts, gaming, and sketching, amongst others. This work aimed at testing an alternative and innovative way to engage non-expert audiences in ocean and coastal geology through a combination of scientific concept explanations and creative dancing. An informal education activity focusing on ocean dynamics was designed for 10-year-old students. It combines coastal science concepts (wind, waves, currents, and sand), storytelling techniques (narrative arc), and creative dance techniques (movement, imaginative play, and sensory engagement). A sequence of six exercises was proposed, starting with the generation of offshore ocean waves and ending with sediment transport on the beach during storm/fair-weather conditions. Scientific concepts were then translated into structured creative movements, within imaginary scenarios, and accompanied by sounds or music. The activity was performed six times with a total of 112 students. It was an inclusive activity given that all students in the class participated, including children with several mild types of cognitive and neurological impairment. The science and art activity aroused emotions of enjoyment and pleasure and allowed for effective communication between scientists and the school community. Moreover, the results provide evidence of the activity’s effectiveness in engaging children and developing their willingness to further participate in similar activities.

Keywords:

Public engagement with science; Science and art; Inclusive science communication

DOI:
https://doi.org/10.22323/2.20020205

Published:
6 July 2020

Download:
GEOSCIENCE_COMM_2020.pdf

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